Stone crabs are caught from October through March. See also: Types of Ocean Crabs – List of Marine Invertebrates 1. The Japanese Spider is a type of large crab with long legs. Types of Tea: Varieties of Tea With Their Flavor, Caffeine Content and More, The Tastiest and Most Exciting Types of Cheese You Didn't Know About, Types of Bread: 20 Different Bread Types from Around the World (With Pictures and Names), Types of Cuisine From Around the World With Their Popular Foods, Types of Crabs: Different Kinds of Crabs from Around the World (with Pictures), Types of Fish with Their Name, Picture, and Flavor, Types of Oysters with Their Name, Picture, and Flavor. Dungeness crabs have very hard shells and five separate pairs of legs. Let’s look in more detail at some of the most popular types of crabs that you can eat. Snow Crabs. Alaskan crab is more a crustacean rather than a true crab. It belongs to the family Lithodidae which comprises of forty species. Aside from its size, this small crab can actually be found in the depth until 790 m beneath the sea. These crabs are found in the warm waters in Central America and the East Coast of the US. More than 1,300 described species of freshwater crabs are known, out of a total of 6,700 species of crabs across all environments. At the end of the article, you will also learn about a few crab species and different types of crabs that are rarely consumed. 5. Even though they are a beautiful blue color, they do change to a reddish color as other crabs when they are cooked. Like many crab species, they are nocturnal and spend the day hiding or defending their homes on the reef or rock walls from trespassers. They are found in the waters from Alaska to the Baja area of Mexico and are named for a town called Dungeness, which was formerly found in Washington State. Because this crab looks like a horseshoe, this is how the item gets its name. There are many types of edible crabs that have white, sweet, delicious meat when cooked. By law, stone crabs have to be boiled for seven minutes, after which they must be frozen or put on ice. Found along the Eastern coast of the United States as well as other bodies of water, rock crabs have legs that make it look like a spider, which is the reason they can also be called spider crabs. Another popular large variety of crab is the Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) which is brown to purple in color and has a hard shell. When caught in the wild, Red King crabs have light brown jaggy body. You can find them in the depth of 450 feet. Puget sound king crab is the next types of ocean crabs. Blue crab claws are also available. One type of edible freshwater crab is the Southern European crab (Potamon fluviatile). Of course, this is not to say you should pick up a horseshoe crab by the tail, because that action can harm the animal. In recent years, Bairdi crabs have suffered due to overfishing, which has resulted in strict controls being placed over fisheries that specialize in this type of crab. Rather than catch and cook the whole crab, when these crabs are caught, one claw is pulled off. However, it is most commonly found in the area stretching from Texas to Massachusetts. With a firm texture and a taste that is sweet and succulent, stone crabs have to be 2 to 2.75 ounces in size. Also called a robber crab or a palm thief, the coconut crab is the largest land-living arthropod in the world, getting up to nine pounds in weight and up to sixteen inches long. They are also called ‘robber crabs’ or ‘palm thief’ as they are speculative creatures that will steal anything edible they can find. This is a medium-sized crab variety with the carapace being between 6” and 9” (15 – 22 cm) wide. However, the Florida stone crab is found in warmer seas in the Gulf of Mexico, on the coast of Florida, and in salt marshes in some US states. Golden crabs are not as popular as the other types of crabs in Florida because they are harder to find. Here, learn all about the general identifying information for the most well-known edible types of crab. To narrow down the options, let’s look at some of the most popular types of pet crabs. Fiddler crabs are easily recognizable by their claws clearly asymmetrical The Florida Stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) is another popular type of marine crab that is prized for its delicious delicately-flavored meat. Most varieties of crab have hard outer shell (called an exoskeleton), 3 walking legs on either side of their body, and 2 pinching claws. Coconut crabs inhabit islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans. The Latin name for blue crabs means “beautiful swimmer,” and the name suits it well because it is a beautiful, blue-green-colored crab. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); For example, snow crabs live in the cold waters around Alaska, Greenland, Siberia, and Japan. Actually, the coconut crab is a type of hermit crab. Apart from the blue color of its shell, one of the identifying features of this popular crab variety is the shape of its body (carapace). Bairdi crabs are also called “true” crabs, and their pincer claws are in the front of their legs. Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. They are also called Tanner crabs and are a variety of the Snow crab. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { The brown shell turns a lighter shade of brown when cooked. Like other types of crabs, it is only legal to harvest the male King crabs, and the meat is snowy white with a yummy, delicate flavor and an outer edge that is bright red in color. 2. Source = Shopify . A sweet, easy staple at all-you-can-eat seafood buffets. These brownish-red colored claws (chelae) with black tips are the same color as its hard outer shell. King crabs (Paralithodes camtschaticus) are counted as one of the best and most common types of edible crabs because of their large size and delightful taste. This crab variety is prized for the amount of meat in its body. The Horsehair crab (Erimacrus isenbeckii) is a popular crab variety in Japanese cuisine. Because the shell of Dungeness crabs is especially hard, crab crackers and shrimp forks are usually provided to extract the pinky-white sweet meat. Soft-shell crabs. The puget sound king crab is also one kind of many species of king crab. The rugosus, or ruggie, comes in a variety of colors: black, blue, tan, gray, peach, and even white. It also has various color such as orange, red, and purple. It is generally boiled in salt water to cook it. Although their shell-to-meat ratio is relatively small, they are still edible and very tasty. You can eat hermit crabs; however, they are generally quite small and not worth the bother. There are many types of crab; each crab has its own characteristics and is used for cooking or for different purposes. This crab can be found in the ocean along the Pacific Coast. Other commercially important taxa include Portunus pelagicus, several species in the genus Chionoecetes, the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus), Charybdis spp., Cancer pagurus, the Dungeness crab (Metacarcinus magister), and Scylla serrata, each of which yields more than 20,000 tonnes annually. The Southern European crab is a type of small edible freshwater crab. For protection from predators, hermit crabs need to find empty shells that they will ‘live’ in. Their behavior has also earned them various names. King crabs are one of the most common and best types of edible crabs due to their large size and delicate taste. The crab varieties come by these names due to the color of their shells. If chefs wish to learn which claws have the most meat, they float them in a tank of water. Different crab species require different marine environments for survival. This is certainly a giant among all the varieties of edible crabs. Catching these crabs requires a cold storage unit on the fishing boat in order to replicate the crab’s natural environment in the deep seas. In order to be harvested, they are required by law to be a minimum of 6.25 inches in length, and only the males are allowed to be harvested. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); This type of crab is usually only captured by its pincers, because that is where the biggest amount of meat is stored and with a more delicate flavor. One of the reasons Dungeness crabs are so popular is due to their sweet-tasting meat. So, just how big is the Japanese spider crab? This is not a problem for them, because they can grow another leg from the scar where the last one was found. The body of this dark-brown colored crab can grow up to 7” (17 cm) across. Although this is an edible type of crab, it is rarely eaten because of its low meat content. European green crabs have now become an invasive species in North America. Its Latin name, Calinectes sapidus, means "beautiful swimmer," and it is indeed a beautiful blue-green color. The Peekytoe crab (Cancer irroratus) is a brown rock crab species that thrives in cold waters in the Atlantic Ocean. These large-sized crabs are found in the waters around the East Coast of the US, the Gulf of Mexico, Japan, and Europe. Bairdi crabs are a member of the snow crab species and one of the few types of edible crabs. Different types of crabs inhabit cold saltwater regions, warm sea areas, bodies of fresh water, and they also live on the land. For example, the name ‘coconut crab’ is because of their ability to climb up palms, pick coconuts, and then open them on the ground. Often called the Alaskan King crab, the Russian crab, or the Japanese crab, these crabs can get up to 25 pounds in weight and up to ten feet in size. In fact, species of king crabs are among some of the largest types of crabs on the planet. Search for a species: Advanced search. Red King crabs are generally caught in cold North Pacific seas around Alaska, such as the Bering Sea and Norton Sound. These compact brown-orange crabs have a bumpy shell with orange or lightly-colored dots on it. From the many species of king crab, Red King crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) is a popular type of Alaskan crab. Crabs belong to the crustacean family and have over 4500 species. This becomes a deep red color when cooked. This is where geothermic energy is released into sea water due to holes in the earth's crust. This is a type of green crab that is generally found in rivers and streams in Italy, Greece and the Balkans. Horsehair crabs are generally found in the waters around Alaska and Northern Japan. It is also a variety of the Hermit crab, although it doesn’t have a shell when it is fully grown as those crabs do. Soft-Shell Crabs. If they live in the wild, Hermit crabs are very social and live in colonies that are quite large, which might be because they are always on the lookout to steal another crab’s shell. This is because, without freezing, stone crabs can have an iodine taste that is not very pleasant. When it comes to taste, the spider crab has a sweeter taste than brown varieties of crab. Another name for this seafood delicacy is the Atlantic rock crab. However, Ecuadorian crabs have more variation of color, such as darker-colored feet, whereas the body of a ruggie is the same, uniform color. They are captured mostly through hooks and lines, baited pots, nets, and even by hand. Not only do the shells protect the abdomen, but the crabs can also hide within them whenever necessary. } catch(e) {}. The taste of Horsehair crab meat is described as sweet and delicate and is considered as one of the best tasting crab. This is when a crab has just shed its outer shell (exoskeleton) and the new one hasn’t hardened yet. Although there are dozens of different types of crabs, only a handful dominate the market: Alaska king crab: The Alaska king crab, the largest of all crabs, is mostly sold as cooked and frozen meat from the legs and claws. If you love crab, but don't know much about them nor the difference of the various types, you'll find these pages interesting, also with some great tips and crab facts. Another type of huge Alaskan king crab is the Blue King Crab (Paralithodes platypus). Alaskan King Crab. Red King crab is a popular type of edible Alaskan crab. When they are cooked, Siberia, and they then sell those crabs as North. 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