The political history of Duval County is indeed a colorful one, but it is only a part of a very interesting story. 905 people like this. 941 people follow this. In fact, only once between 1916 and 1972 did the Democratic candidate receive less than 74 percent of the vote in Duval County; that year, 1956, a mere 68 percent voted Democratic. There is a fee for each copy requested. With the diminishing importance of cotton, other crops assumed prominence at various times. The bottom fell out of the Duval County sheep. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records. In 1930, when 55,943 of the county's 67,473 acres of harvested cropland was devoted to cotton, 11,773 bales of Duval County cotton were ginned. Duval County, Texas. Of those twenty-five and older, 60 percent had graduated from high school and 9 percent had college degrees. The seminomadic Coahuiltecans hunted bison, deer, javelinas, and smaller mammals, as well as snakes, lizards, terrapins, and other reptiles. The first six chapters got me off to a fast start. The county's mineral resources include caliche, clay, salt domes, sandstone, uranium, oil, and gas. In 1910 there were 2,235 of Mexican birth, and upwards of 3,000 inhabitants of Mexican parentage. In the same year forty-nine square miles in the southwest corner of the original Duval was attached to the new County of Jim Hogg. In 1878, the Corpus Christi, San Diego & Rio Grande Railroad (now the Texas-Mexican), a narrow-gauge line, was completed from the gulf fifty-three miles to San Diego, and in 1880 extended through Duval County. In 1982, 86 percent of Duval County's estimated population of 12,900 were of Hispanic origin, the eighth-highest percentage in the United States; 7 percent were of English descent, 5 percent of German descent, and 5 percent of Irish descent. Duval County's climate has likely remained unchanged for centuries, but beginning in the late nineteenth century cattle ranching, which was the county's main industry, and farming have had significant effects on the county's vegetation and water supply. Duval County's 25.3 percent illiteracy rate in 1930 was the sixth highest in the state. In 1910 Duval County had 42,397 acres of improved farmland and 633 farms, 249 of which were operated by tenants, averaging 805 acres. Duval County, Texas Residential Property Valuation Duval County, Texas Assessor Parcel Maps HomeInfoMax.com – Public Information & Property Records – Duval County A majority of the population have always been Mexican. Forgot account? Between 1873 and 1883 Duval County reportedly had more sheep than any other county in the United States. by GenealogyTrails. The county is named for William Pope Duval, Governor of Florida … A Production climbed to 3,570 bales by 1910 and 7,133 bales by 1920, however, and continued to climb for most of the next decade. A Mexican first surveyed it in 1804, Jose Contrerras, surveyor general of San Luis Potosi.Luis Muniz was born there in 1828, the county's first recorded birth. For nearly twenty years the county remained unorganized, being attached to adjoining counties for judicial purposes. In 1848 Ventura Flores sold some land on San Diego Creek to Pablo Pérez. Published by the Texas State Historical Association. Oil was discovered in the county in 1905, but not until a wildcat well came in near Freer in October 1928 did a full-scale oil boom occur. From this original area of 1,887 square miles the southern part was detached in 1913 to make a new county known as Dunn, with 888 square miles. Font size: Overgrazing led to the destruction of the watershed and clogged the springs that fed the county's streams, most of which are now intermittent, and, in combination with the suppression of grass fires, allowed mesquite to become dominant. That the county lacked the resources to become a major agricultural center was confirmed as far back as 1891 by Professor John T. Ellis of Oberlin College, who in October of that year chose the drought-ridden county as the site for an experimental attempt to produce rain by detonating explosives carried aloft by balloons. The total value of almost 44,000 acres of ranches recently listed for sale in Duval County, Texas, was about $108 million. / Source: A History of Texas and Texans by Frank W. Johnson, A Leader in the Texas Revolution Edited and Brought to Date by Eugene C. Barker, Ph.D. Be sure to browse our collection of historical pictures and check out the Soy de Duval Blog by Alfredo Cardenas. A Parr was elected to the Duval County Commissioners Court in 1898, but he did not become the dominant figure in local politics until the assassination of the Duval County Democratic chieftain John Cleary in 1907. It is named for Juan de Ugalde, the Spanish governor of Coahuila.Uvalde County was founded by Reading Wood Black who also founded the city of Uvalde, Texas. Duval County was created in 1822. Duval County is a county located in the state of Texas. Its county seat is Uvalde. The U.S. Census counted 11,533 people living in Duval County in 2014; about 10 percent were Anglo and 88.5 percent Hispanic. Since 1916, the Duval County Courthouse has served as the seat of government for thecounty. History Museum in San Diego, Texas. Box 663 208 E St. Joseph Street --Editor "I was born in Brackenridge Hospital, Austin and my parents lived on a farm that was the location of the former town of Duval, Texas. Our Duval County native son sharing some intriguing Duval County history. The cattle industry had made something of a comeback. It is noteworthy that the original county, in spite of the preponderance of the live stock industry and of its vast comparative area, reported less cattle and other stock, according to the official statistics of the last census, than many counties smaller in area and claiming no special distinction in live stock production. Between 1912 and 1918 Ed C. Lasater, a wealthy South Texas rancher, and C. W. Robinson, the Duval County Democratic chairman, both attempted to bring Parr down, but neither succeeded. Create New Account. Ellis carried out his experiment about a mile and a half northeast of the San Diego railroad station. In 1959, for example, there were 716 farms, averaging 1,056 acres; in 1969 there were 825 farms, averaging 1,198 acres; and in 1982 there were 1,074 farms, averaging 904 acres. In 1873 the outlaw Alberto Garza and some sixty followers made the county the center of their horse-stealing and cattle-skinning operations. Master Theses, Antioch College, Lincoln-Juarez Center, Undated. The average minimum temperature is 43° F in January, and the average maximum temperature is 98° in July. There's some spooky history here in Texas. Interactive guide for accessing County resources, information and records. Despite this civilizing influence, however, Duval County could still be a wild and dangerous place. Places in the county include San Diego (county seat), Benavides, Freer, Concepcion, San Jose, Ramirez, and Realitos. Where can find Duval County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records? Agnes G. Grimm, Llanos Mesteñas: Mustang Plains (Waco: Texian Press, 1968). As of the 2010 census, the county population was 11,782. In 1867 Father Claude Jaillet built a church in San Diego that became the only public place of worship between Corpus Christi and the Rio Grande. NULL Duval County is in Rio Grande Plains Texas. Duval County Texas Historical Museum. In gratitude to Alfredo E. Cardenas for keeping our history alive!! These chapters deal with the county’s Prehistory, Los Indios, Los Mexicanos, Los Españoles, Medio Mexico, and Los Americanos. In 1880 county ranchers reported 196,684 sheep, up from 34,325 ten years before; a few years later the county reportedly had more than 400,000. Duval County Public Schools is an equal opportunity school district. The climate is subtropical-subhumid. 1-40. Even though Duval County lies in the United States, it has long been Mexican in character. Through the establishment of Pat Dunn and Lanham counties he apparently hoped to increase the patronage jobs and tax revenue at his disposal, but he was foiled both times. Of the 254 counties in the Lone Star State, 1,795-square-mile Duval County ranks 14th by size. At least part of the overall decline can be attributed to the problematic nature of the local economy. The county's center point is nine miles northwest of Benavides at 27°42' north latitude and 98°30' west longitude. II, The American Historical Society Chicago and New York 1916 - Transcribed by … County organization did not occur until eighteen years later. The Portal to Texas History Duval County ; School Records and Histories . People Interested in Preserving Texas History Duval County produced 351,999 pounds of peanuts in 1959 and 1,142,407 pounds in 1969, but by 1982 the local harvest had declined to insignificance. The average price of ranches for sale in Duval County was $2 million. There were only 60,160 sheep in the county in 1890 and only 3,627 by 1900. By 1970 the population was 11,722, and in 1980 it had risen slightly to 12,517, 144th among Texas counties. The county seat is San Diego. Five years later, in mid-April 1878, a band of forty Lipan Apache, Seminole, and Kickapoo Indians, reportedly led by a blond White man, cut a swath through Webb and Duval counties, murdering and pillaging several ranches before dispersing. Duval was one of the counties created by the act of February 1,1858, providing for a subdivision of unorganized territory in the counties of rectangular shape. Luby was part of an influx of Anglos that also included Walter W. Meek, Sr., who had come to Duval County after the Civil War and helped make it the sheep ranching capital of Texas. A party of Anglos chose the latter option, attacked the outlaw's camp, and scattered the rustlers. History: Coahuiltecans, displaced by Comanche bands.Mexican settlement began in 1812. Duval County vital records can be found at the Texas Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from 1903. Rich with Mexican origins, a Mexican first surveyed it in 1804, Jose Contrerras, surveyor general of San Luis Potosi. The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry. The county's $28,372,000 in cash receipts from crops and livestock ranked 135th in the state. While beef cattle generated most of the area’s agricultural income, dairy products and cotton, vegetable, grains, and hay were also produced in the county. The trend peaked in 1930, when county farmers harvested 67,473 acres of cropland. The census enumerators in 1910 found 34,652 cattle; about 7,000 horses and mules; less than 2,000 sheep, and 7,297 goats, much attention having been given to the latter industry. Duval County, Texas It was named for William Pope DuVal, Territorial Governor of Florida from 1822 to 1834. The perpetrators of the so-called "Great Raid of '78" were never caught. Source: A History of Texas and Texans by Frank W. Johnson, A Leader in the Texas Revolution Edited and Brought to Date by Eugene C. Barker, Ph.D. reset. Hebbronville was chiefly noted as a cattle shipping point, and has now acquired the additional dignity of being a county seat. The arrival of the railroad accelerated the sheep boom. A post office under the name of Mindiette operated there for less than a year in 1879, with Fabian Favela as postmaster. David Montejano, Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas, 1836–1986 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1987). (This past week, the Bullock Texas State History Museum in Austin hosted a two-day conference, underwritten by the National Endowment for the Humanities, commemorating “The Centennial of the 1919 C… San Diego, the county seat and most populous town, is on the Texas Mexican Railroad at the intersection of State highways 44 and 359 and Farm road 1329, about fifty-two miles west of Corpus Christi and eighty miles east of Laredo. / Farming and ranching in Duval County have never regained the importance they had during the late nineteenth century. From time to time I will be sharing snippets from the manuscript. The population of the county in 1870 was 1,083; in 1880,5,732; in 1890, 7,598; in 1900, 8,483; and in 1910, 8,964. At the peak of manufacturing in 1900 the county had only seven manufacturing establishments that together employed only twenty-eight people, and throughout most of the twentieth century the number of such establishments has ranged between two and six. The largest communities are San Diego (population 4,417, with 3,247 inhabitants in Duval County and the rest in Jim Wells County) and Freer, with 2,791 residents. Texas History, Genealogy, Old Photos, Postcards, Maps, and Information. History . Arnoldo De León, A Social History of Mexican Americans in Nineteenth Century Duval County (San Diego, Texas: Duval County Commissioners Court, n.d.). The battles between the Botas and Guaraches ("boots" and "sandals," or Republicans and Democrats) were often ferocious. It was named in honor of Capt. They were disrupted by the Apache and Comanche incursions from the north and by the Spanish pushing north from Mexico. The roads from San Diego to Mier, to Rio Grande, and to Eagle Pass, Texas … Support the Handbook today. Evan Anders, Boss Rule in South Texas: The Progressive Era (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982). The County is located in the south-central area of the state. John Clements, Flying the Colors: Texas, a Comprehensive Look at Texas Today, County by County (Dallas: Clements Research, 1984). Western Duval County is characterized by deep soils with loamy surface layers and loamy or clayey subsoils, and loamy soils with indurated caliche at shallow to moderate depths. By 1950, however, the amount of harvested cropland and the number of farms had dropped to 50,675 acres and 711 respectively, but the average farm had grown to 1,632 acres. 5 out of 5 stars. 5. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. Eastern Duval County is characterized by poorly drained loamy soils and well-drained dark soils with loamy surface layers and clayey subsoils. Northern Duval County is characterized by loamy cracking or crumbly clayey soils, deep to moderately deep, that overlie indurated caliche. In the early twentieth century, when farming began to replace ranching as the county's most important agricultural pursuit, the trend was toward more and smaller farms and more tenant farming. The county at the time was described as "one extended pasture" and "a great sheep walk." At that time, however, fewer than 7 percent of residents over the age of twenty-five had completed high school. Evan Anders, Boss Rule in South Texas: The Progressive Era (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982). DCPS has policies and procedures in place to protect its employees, students and anyone associated with the District from discrimination, harassment, sexual harassment or retaliation. But cynics said that Ellis had simply stalled until rain appeared inevitable, and doubts remained about the practicality of the technique. By 1988 Duval County ranked fifty-third in the state, with 3,061,639 barrels. Ironically, it was an Anglo, a former cowhand and schoolteacher named Archer Parr, who turned this imbalance to his advantage by soliciting the Mexican Americans, whom his fellow Anglo politicians had traditionally ignored. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 864,263. Benavides in Dunn County is also a railway point, and there are no towns of importance away from the railway, and the western and northwestern sections of the original county are still almost a desert. But in the mid-1880s a mysterious plague began killing the sheep, and after Grover Cleveland was elected president in 1884 on a platform that included eliminating the tariff on foreign wool, the price of wool dropped from twenty-six cents a pound to seven cents a pound. More than 1,365,000 barrels of oil, and 72,169,865 thousand cubic feet of gas well gas, were produced in the county in 2004; by the end of that year 585,742,696 barrels of oil had been taken from county lands since 1905. This arrangement, which one Duval County official called "frankly corrupt but fully benevolent," allowed Parr, and later his son George B. Parr, a free hand in running the affairs of the county, and became a way of life there. The community Perez established there, called Perezville, was the precursor of San Diego. The amount of harvested cropland in Duval County declined for several decades, from 65,659 acres in 1940 to 50,675 in 1950 and 39,263 in 1969, but rose to 58,744 in 1982. Font size: The oil boom in Duval County did not last. Duval County is in south central Texas about fifty miles inland from the Gulf of Mexico and seventy-three miles north of the Rio Grande. In subsequent years cotton has diminished in importance to the county economy; only 4,159 bales were ginned in 1936, 1,656 in 1945, 1,124 in 1950, and a mere 571 in 1969. San Diego remains the county seat of Duval, as it has since the organization of the county. This county was created from portions of Live Oak, Nueces and Starr Counties in 1858 and organized In 1876. Join TSHA to support quality Texas history programs and receive exclusive benefits. © Copyright In 1982 only 2 percent of the county's labor force was employed in manufacturing and the county had only three manufacturing establishments, each employing fewer than twenty people. The county was finally organized in 1876, and San Diego was selected as the county seat. Duval County's reputation for political corruption peaked with Lyndon B. Johnson's election to the United States Senate in 1948. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. Duval County Museum and Historical Commission invite you to explore events and exhibits that will connect you to Duval County's rich heritage and history. In the late nineteenth century ranching was Duval County's most important industry. European exploration of the area apparently began in the eighteenth century, as the road between Mier and Goliad passed through the area. Guide to Duval County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. In 1946 county wells produced only 14,188,268 barrels, fourteenth in the state, and in 1958 the county's 10,167,303 barrels ranked twenty-eighth in Texas. Duval County lies In the southwest part of Texas; San Diego, the county seat. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law. The Corpus Christi, San Diego and Rio Grande Narrow Gauge Railroad reached the county in 1879, and in 1881, after being taken over by the Texas Mexican Railroad, built across the county and on to Laredo, in Webb County. or. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/duval-county. In the 1988 and 1992 presidential elections 82 percent of the county's voters cast ballots for the Democratic candidate. 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