The Amazon Rainforest itself is home to more than 40,000 plant species! They have large leaves and are ‘evergreen’, which means their leaves are green for all of the year. Rainforest Animals List with Pictures & Facts, Clouded Leopard Facts For Kids & Students: Pictures, Information & Video, Animals That Start With L: List With Pictures & Facts, Desert Animals: A List Of Animals That Live In The Desert With Pictures & Facts – Plus FREE question sheet, Nine-Banded Armadillo Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, Bighorn Sheep Facts: Discover The Largest Sheep Native To North America, American Alligator Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. There are more than around 80,000 different species of Rainforest plants, and these include flowers with special features and adaptations, trees with the unique root system, shrubs, bushes, and many vines that are utilized by man either for commercial or food purposes. There are more 200 rare plants inside the Australian rainforest protected under the world Heritage. Don’t miss the video of the world’s largest flower further down the page! According to the Encyclopedia of Earth, rainforest environments produce four general categories of plant types--savannahs, shrub lands, woodlands and scrub lands. We love this stop motion animation by Jamie Quinlan reminding us of the huge array of plants and creatures that live in the world's rainforests and some ways in which you can help us to protect them. The fruit has twice the food value of banana and more protein and carbohydrate than maize. 60% of the Amazon Rainforest is spread in Brazil, 13% of it is in Peru and almost 10% is in Columbia. Rainforest climates are typically very hot and humid, but the rainforest plants and animals living there have learned to adapt to these extremes. This article is part of our Rainforest series. They have evolved this way to encourage rainwater to run off the leaves. Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! Many of these plants are used in cancer fighting drugs. Mar 17, 2013 - Explore ART MDE's board "Rainforest Plants" on Pinterest. At 7.8- 8.20 million square miles, it’s larger than the Indonesia and Congo rainforests combined. You can find out more about rainforests at our main rainforest page. 1. A leaf holding water could become too heavy and break. Rainforest vegetation is being destroyed by humans at an alarming rate. They slowly grow down to the forest floor with the roots eventually reaching the soil. Amazon Rainforest covers almost 7 million square kilometres. These products include fruit, coffee, cacao (for making chocolate), rubber, dyes, rice, wood, and gums. Epiphytes are extremely common in tropical rainforests. (Photosynthesis is the process by which trees obtain food from sunlight. The most common tree in the Amazon Rainforest is the açai (Euterpe precatoria). Facts about Australian Rainforests 9: fauna. A favorite plant and flower to find in the Amazon Rainforest, the monkey brush (Combretum rotundifolium) has a unique appearance. Home to more than a half of all animal and plant species on our planet, these natural habitats carry out important functions that make life on Earth possible, including producing oxygen, regulating the climate, offering food and serving as a basis for various kinds of precious … There are over 27,000 species of orchid. General Rainforest Plant Facts Two thirds of the earths plant species are found in tropical rainforests. Rainforest animas use lianas to climb trees and to get around the upper levels of the tropical rainforest. Rainforest plants must either adapt to living with little sunlight under the forest canopy or grow quickly and find ways of reaching the sunlight above the canopy. Other plants in the rainforest that thrive on the lower levels are ferns and herbs. It is only found in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra, and is the world’s largest flower. Two thirds of the earths plant species are found in tropical rainforests. In order to get the sunlight that they need, plants have to be able to grow faster, or to have bigger leaves, than their neighbours. 10 Rainforest Plant Facts: Some plants in the rainforest can grow without soil thanks to the high humidity and heavy rainfall. Many plants have waxy leaves that help repel the rain. Kapok trees (Ceiba pentandra) have buttress roots. Some mangrove trees have ‘stilt’ or ‘prop’ roots. Passion Flower (Passiflora edulis) The next plant in this Amazon rainforest plants list is the beautiful Passion Flower, a vine that is often seen hanging in the canopy of trees in the Amazon Rainforest. When we talk about rainforest facts, some foods we eat like chocolate, pineapple, and medicines we use are derived from rainforest plants and animals, and there are some ingredients which are only found in the rainforest climate. Rainforest hardwood trees, such as mahogany, are harvested for their wood. These trees have developed buttress roots. These roots stick out of the mud or water like snorkels. Few more plant adaptations examples are Temperate Rainforest … The soil in the rainforest does not have many nutrients. Over 50 species of epiphyte have been found growing on a single tropical rainforest tree. Orchid stamens often look like extra petals). Orchids are flowering plants which are found all over the world. The plant, which has been in operation since 1978, produces more than 750 tons of pulp for paper every 24 hours, worth approximately $500,000, and has built 2,800 miles of roads through the Amazon rainforest to be used by its 700 vehicles. Rainforest Facts — Facts about the Rainforest Summary Rainforests are one of the most precious ecosystems on Earth. Rainforests are made up of five layers. They often occur near the coast. Within each setting, rainforest plants can develop adaptations specific to their own environment. Rainforest facts . There is little sunlight on the forest floor so many rainforest plants have to adapt to the low light. Example of aquatic plants (underwater plants) are water lily, lotus, duckweed, giant Salvinia, etc. So if you are under the attack of any ailment or infection, it is Amazon rainforest that comes to your rescue in the form of medicines. Many also thrive in full-sun and allow you to establish fire resistant, shady gardens.Page 1 Plant and animal adaptations Plant adaptations. Palms can be trees, shrubs or vines. Orchids have three petals and three sepals (sepals are the outer parts of the flower. These plants are known as epiphytes or air plants. It can be said approximately 40% of South America. It gives of a smell like rotting flesh, which is why it is also known as the ‘Corpse Flower’. This acts as a platform for visiting insects. Because of this, many rainforest trees have developed what are known as ‘buttress roots’. All Rights Reserved. These types of plants are called air plants or aerial plants. The equator is an imaginary line that stretches around the centre of the Earth. They widen the base of the tree, making it more stable in the thin soil. The nutrients come from dead plant material such as decomposing leaves on the forest floor. These thick, woody plants have roots in the ground and wrap themselves around other plants in order to reach the sunlight. These thick, woody plants have roots in the ground and wrap themselves around other plants in order to reach the sunlight. 2. (The other 10% use wind or other means to transfer pollen). The soil in most rainforest is very poor and lacking in nutrients. Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! In fact, nearly two-thirds of the world’s flowering plants are found in rainforests. Some of the tropical rainforest plants are pineapple, pepper, palm tree, orchid, fern, peanut, orange, lemon, coffee, banana and avocado. Other notable rainforest palms include the Carnauba Palm (Copernicia prunifera), from which a variety of products, including car polish, surf wax, and lipstick, are made. Amazon Rainforest is a home for thousands of plant and animal species. Pixnio 17. Copyright © 2020 ActiveWild.com. Below are 45+ Facts on Tropical Rainforests Fact 1: Rainforests only cover around 2 percent the total surface area of the Earth and about 6% of the Earth‘s land surface, but about 50 percent of all known species of the plants and animals on the earth live in the rainforest. These roots grow out from the trunk well above ground level (often 15 feet above ground level) providing the support needed for the tree while capturing the nutrients in the shallow soil. Some of the most useful plants in the tropical rainforest are palms. Epiphytes are plants that grow on other plants. 70% of the plants found in Amazon Rainforest can help treat cancer. The flowers resemble small bright red and yellow brushes due to their long stamens. These products include fruit, coffee, cacao (for making chocolate), rubber, dyes, rice, wood, and gums. Kids can find ferns and herbs outside of the rainforest in many non-tropical areas. Rainforests usually occur in regions where there is a high annual rainfall of generally more than 1,800 mm (70 inches) and a hot and steamy climate. Many rainforest palms (including the acai) are grown for their edible fruit, which are used to flavour fruit drinks and ice cream. Plants need sunlight to survive; the thick vegetation of the upper layers of the forest allows little sunlight to reach the rainforest floor. Palms also provide food, mainly in the form of fruit. In tropical regions, more than 2 metres of rain falls every year. The Brazil Nut and Cashew Nut trees are well-known examples. They are grown as ornamental plants in other areas. Also present are Saw palm, Cat’s-foot, Lichen Moss, Twisty grass, Teak, Cypress, Live Oak, Parasol Plant, Sargasso, Sesame, Cedar, Palmetto. The plant grows as a vine either on its own or as a parasite on other plants. 90% of flowering plants require animal assistance to pollinate. Rainforest plants are used to produce numerous products. American Badger Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. Bougainvilleas are well-known for their beautiful flower-like leaves, which grow around the actual flower. Mangrove forests are tropical forests that grow where the soil is waterlogged for long periods of time. Near the equator, the atmosphere is hot and humid. You can see examples of prop roots in a mangrove swamp in the video below: Trees in mangrove forests also have roots that grow upwards from under the ground. These are roots that grow out of the trunk above the ground before extending downwards into the soil. These are, from the top down, the emergent, the canopy, the under-storey, the shrub and the forest floor. However, while collecting the oil, a bee will often fall into the flower’s bucket. Plants need water to survive; however in the rainforest the problem is not that there is not enough water but that there is often too much. They collect an oily substance from the flower’s bucket that helps them attract female bees. Tropical rainforests are the lungs of the earth. Orchids have a lower petal that is longer than the others. Tropical Rainforest Plants. Poison dart frogs carry their young up into the canopy and leave them in the pools of water formed by the bromeliad’s tightly-wrapped leaves. Epiphytes don’t have their roots in the soil, and cannot obtain water and nutrients like other plants. One hectare of rainforest (the size of an average rugby field) can contain 42,000 species of insects, 807 trees of 317 different species, and 1500 species of higher plants. Kapok trees are found in South American, Asian and African tropical rainforests. The leaves of rainforest plants are often waxy, with thin tips, known as ‘drip-tips’. A colourful entry to the tropical rainforest plants list, Bougainvilleas are native to South America. Rainforest maintains our provision of safe drinking water. These thorny plants grow as vines and shrubs. 19. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! Bucket Orchids have co-evolved with Orchid Bees, and neither could exist without the other. In return, the ants protect the plants from other insect predators. It is thought that there are over 15,000 species in Central and South American tropical rainforests. There is the emergent layer, which includes only the very tallest trees growing above the canopy layer. This single manufacturing plant consumes 2,000 tons of surrounding rainforest wood every day to produce 55 megawatts of electricity to run the plant. Many other rainforest plants are harvested for food. See a list of amazing rainforest plants here. There are thousands of butterfly species found in the Tropical Rainforest Biome. Epiphytes. That means it didn’t exist in the time of the dinosaurs who died about 65 million years ago. Tropical rainforests house a broad range of plant species. In total, the Amazon also houses a population of over 30 million people. Buttress roots grow out at an angle from a tree’s trunk up to 10 metres from the ground. Pollination is the process that starts a new plant growing. They get nutrients from plant debris and bird droppings that land on their roots and are not dependent on the poor soil of the forest. Epiphytes include many vines, bromeliads (see below), and orchids. There are around 2,800 palm species in the world. ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. Water is collected in the cylinder formed by the leaves. Together, the epiphytes on a single tree can weigh several tonnes. They also have a multitude of uses for man. Rainforest Plants. But most of the plant life didn’t begin to flourish until after the most recent ice age. One of the widely-known Amazon Rainforest facts is its status as the biggest rainforest in the world. Rainforest plants are used to make medicine, and others are used in cosmetics. Facts about Australian Rainforests 10: World Heritage area. The little nutrients available are found near the top of the soil and the deeper you get the less nutrients are available. You can see a video of a Rafflesia below. One of the most amazing plants in the tropical rainforest is the Rafflesia arnoldii. Bougainvillea is a rainforest plant. Land is being cleared due to logging, ranching, mining, and for human settlements. The only way out is through a special passage. The bee is trapped in the orchid long enough for the wax that holds the pollen to the bee’s body to set. Fun rainforest facts for kids and schools. The ‘peach palm’ of Brazil produces up to 300 peach-like fruits a season. These roots are also called ‘pneumatophores’. Join us as we discover one of our planet’s most fascinating habitats, teeming with wildlife and incredible ecosystems in our awesome facts about rainforests! In Central American rainforests, rival strawberry poison dart frogs might wrestle for up to 20 minutes! An estimated 80% of the world’s diet originated from rainforest plants. Trees and plants such as wasai, lapacho, and cordoncillo are rich in medicinal values. Bucket Orchids are found in Central and South America. But it’s not all about keeping animals away. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. Rainforests are dense and contain the largest diversity of animals, plants and insects. The trees, shrubs, vines and flowers of tropical rainforests provide food and shelter for the animals that live in the forests. For example vines quickly grow up the trunks and branches of trees to reach sunlight. Plants that live in the rainforest must be able to survive in areas that receive a lot of rain and may even flood. Bromeliads have a tight rosette of spiky leaves. They also help to spread out the tree’s roots over a large area, allowing it to obtain more nutrients. Many plant stores carry ferns as houseplants and herb plants … This is just another example of the strange and beautiful plants and animals that live hidden in rainforests. Plants that inhabit the rainforests show just as much, if not more, beauty and diversity as the animal life with all sorts of amazing ways in which they make their claim in the world. You’ll find out what kind of plants live in rainforests, and how they’ve adapted to the rainforest environment. Many of the medicines we use derive some of their ingredients from rainforest plants. No sunlight on the ground Thick Canopy of Trees. Aquatic plants have floating leaves in which chlorophyll is restricted only on the top surface which is green in color. Epiphytes can grow in large numbers without harming the host tree. The water is used not only by the plant itself, but also by many rainforest animals. This page contains information on rainforest plants, and includes examples of many amazing species. The Amazon Rainforest alone boasts of over 40,000 plant species. The male bees are attracted by the flower’s scent. The leaves of many trees have a drip tip which is designed to have rain run off of them quickly. Tropical Rainforest Biome Facts: Two-thirds of all plant life on Earth lives in a Tropical Rainforest Biome. Some plants such as the Strangler Fig actually start life high in the canopy, thus capturing needed sunlight immediately. Lianas are rainforest vines. The trees obtain oxygen directly from the air using these ‘root snorkels’. Rainforest, luxuriant forest, generally composed of tall, broad-leaved trees and usually found in wet tropical uplands and lowlands around the Equator. One of the plants in the tropical rainforest that has developed a special relationship with an insect is the Bucket Orchid. The animals in the Australia forest are the bird, frog, and freshwater fish, mammals, marsupials, butterflies, reptiles and bat species. Plants and animals have adapted to live in one particular layer of the rainforest. Lianas are rainforest vines. The water could also encourage fungus and bacteria to grow, which could prevent photosynthesis. Rainforest plants also have to attract the animals that help them to pollinate. It’s estimated that between 40% and 75% of all living species are native to the rainforests. Tropical rainforests often have poor quality soil that is shallow, and low in nutrients. The Amazon Rainforest basin covers at least 40% of South America. Plants that originally come from a Rainforest environment. To capture the richer nutrients of the top soil most rainforest trees have shallow roots. Rainforest plants are in a constant battle, not just with the insects, fungi, birds and mammals that eat them, but also with each other. A lot. Oxygen This unique flower is very distinct because of its white and purple flowers that have a seemingly plastic appearance, and an intricate smell. The male bee then flies off. Plants like fungus that kids might find on rocks thrive at the bottom of the rainforest. They get their nutrients from plant debris and bird droppings. 24 Rainforest Facts for Kids A rainforest is a forest that receives an above normal amount of rainfall each year. The high humidity and plentiful rain of the rainforest enable some plants to actually grow without soil. Epiphytes such as orchids have special spongy roots for obtaining water and particles from the air. Many bromeliads are epiphytes, growing in the canopy of tropical rainforests. Plants protect themselves from predators using various strategies. Some tropical rainforest plants are poisonous, some have thorns, some have thick bark and others have tough leaves. As we’ve seen, many palm species have uses ranging from building materials to lipstick. And it rains here. (It’s completely free, you can unsubscribe at any time, and we’ll never share your details.). Flying Squirrels Facts: Meet The Gliding Rodents Of North America! Active Wild Pinterest Active Wild Facebook. Rainforest plants are used to produce numerous products. Tropical rainforests are found near the equator. The following adaptations allow plants to survive in the conditions of the rainforest. 10. You can also see a list of notable rainforest plants here. On this page we’ll discover some of the plants in the tropical rainforest. These tall trees, which can push through the rainforest canopy to form the emergent layer, rely on their wide roots for stability. The plants of the rainforest are involved in the gas exchanges which provide a great deal of the worlds oxygen supply by recycling carbon dioxide into oxygen. Evergreen shrubs and small trees are characteristic of shrub land environments. Lianas - these are woody vines that have roots in … The high humidity and rainfall contribute to lush greenery. Many food sources are still being discovered in rainforests. 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