The Siachen Brigade is headquartered at Partapur; on the Pakistani side, the Brigade HQ is at Khapalu. Siachen Glacier. (UPI Photo) Indian soldiers shout slogans as they hold their ice axes after descending from a mountain during a traning session near the base camp of Siachen glacier, India on May 5, 2007.  Both of them showed their commitment to resolve the Siachen conflict as early as possible. It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second longest in the world's non-polar areas. The Siachen Glacier is in the eastern Karakoram go in the Himalaya Mountains along the questioned India-Pakistan interval fringe at around 35.5° N 77.0° E. It is the longest ice sheet in the Karakoram and second longest on the planet’s non-polar zones. Siachen Glacier, which is the world’s highest battlefield, is now open for tourists, says Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh.  In September 2003, the governments of India and Pakistan were urged by the participants of 5th World Parks Congress held at Durban, to establish a peace park in the Siachen region to restore the natural biological system and protect species whose lives are at risk. Siachen is the highest battlefield in the world at a height of 17,000 feet with temperature dropping to as low as -50 degree celcuis. On the Indian side, roads go only as far as the military base camp at Dzingrulma at 35°09′59″N 77°12′58″E / 35.1663°N 77.2162°E / 35.1663; 77.2162, 72 km from the head of the glacier. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). Wind speed units can be changed in the preferences (top right).  According to the present ground positions, relatively stable for over a decade, India maintains control over all of the 76 kilometres (47 mi) long Siachen Glacier and all of its tributary glaciers, as well as all the main passes and heights of the Saltoro Ridge immediately west of the glacier, including Sia La, Bilafond La, Gyong La, Yarma La (6,100m), and Chulung La (5,800m). The glacier's region is the highest battleground on Earth, where Pakistan and India have fought intermittently since April 1984.  Between 1984 and 1999, frequent skirmishes took place between India and Pakistan. Siachen is the highest battlefield between Pakistan and India. The world's highest battlefield, at the intersection of China, India and Pakistan, just west of the Kharokorum Pass. Our soldiers face off against the Pakistan army atop a 76 km long glacier at 5400 metres altitude. , Dumping of non-biodegradable waste in large quantities and the use of arms and ammunition have considerably affected the ecosystem of the region. The glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge immediately to the west and the main Karakoram range to the east. A part of Siachen glacier, the world’s highest and coldest battlefield, has now been opened up for tourists. An interesting example is the Tibetan Plateau, where the monsoon creates steady strong winds from December to April, and calm winds from June to October. Both India and Pakistan have wished to disengage from the costly military outposts. The 1949 Karachi agreement only carefully delineated the line of separation to point NJ9842, after which, the agreement states that the line of separation would continue "thence north to the glaciers".  Between January 2012 and July 2015, 33 Indian soldiers lost their lives due to adverse weather. The Siachen glacier is a bone of contention between India and Pakistan and the Indian Army had gained control of it in 1984. 8. NEW DELHI: The world’s highest battlefield, Siachen Glacier, is now open for tourists, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh announced on Monday. In the previous year, the President of India, Abdul Kalam became the first head of state to visit the area. At 48 miles (72 km) in length, the Himalayan Siachen glacier is the largest glacier outside the poles.  Almost forty percent (40%) of the waste left at the glacier is of plastic and metal composition, including toxins such as cobalt, cadmium and chromium that eventually affect the water of the Shyok River (which ultimately enters the Indus River near Skardu.) The Siachen Glacier is the highest battleground on earth, where India and Pakistan have fought intermittently since 13 April 1984. Siachen is the 5th largest glacier of the Karakoram Range and second largest glacier in the world. The Siachen glacier is the highest battleground on earth, where India and Pakistan have fought intermittently since April 13, 1984.  At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. India has been holding the dominating heights on the Siachen glacier since it occupied them in 1984 during Operation Meghdoot. dumped on the glacier, that neither decomposes nor can be burned because of the extreme climatic conditions. , "Siachen" redirects here. The glacier's region is the highest battleground on Earth, where Pakistan and India have fought intermittently since April 1984. Now that civilians are allowed to experience the tough conditions of Siachen Glacier and many of you have even started to plan a trip to the highest battlefield, here we tell you 5 important facts about the place which is solely operated by Indian soldiers. A part of Siachen glacier, the world’s highest and coldest battlefield, has now been opened up for tourists. For breaking news and live news updates, like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter and Instagram. “Nothing degrades at sub-zero temperatures. Coldest highest battlefield Siachen glacier should be peace mountain. A war memorial can be seen on the Nubra river with the names of all the. Siachen Glacier, Nov 27 (ANI): Soldiers of the Indian Armed Forces read the Preamble to the Constitution of India at Siachen Glacier to mark the …  One of the reasons theorized for the recent glacial retreat is chemical blasting, done for constructing camps and posts. The nearest civilian settlement is the village of Warshi, 10 miles downstream from the Indian base camp. These are taught over a month at the Siachen Battle School at the base camp, also called the snout of the glacier, at 12,000 feet. THE Indian government on Monday (21) announced that the Siachen area, the world’s highest battlefield, is now open to tourists. Country’s defence minister Rajnath Singh said the government has decided to open the entire area from Siachen base camp to Kumar Post for tourism purposes. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E / 35.421226°N 77.109540°E / , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas.  The region is home to rare species including snow leopard, brown bear and ibex that are at risk because of the military presence.. The Siachen Glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram Range is also the highest battleground on earth, where India and Pakistan maintain permanent military personnel at a height of over 6,000 meters. The Siachen Glacier is the longest glacier in the Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. The operations are dictated mostly by the weather and we got a first-hand experience of it while waiting for our flight from the Siachen base camp to the Benazir post at a height of around 17,000 feet. The biggest challenge in cleaning up Siachen has been the height of the glacier, which ranges between 18,000 and 21,000 feet. This is nearly twice the altitude of Ladakh. Troops are deployed at heights between 18,000 feet and 23,000 feet; forward positions have small posts (perhaps 75-80 along the length of the glacier) manned by 10-15 soldiers each. Wind speed units can be changed in the preferences (top right). India occupied the Siachen Glacier on 13 April 1984. Prior to 1984, neither country had any military forces in this area. Both India and Pakistan claim sovereignty over the entire Siachen region. Since 1984, when the Indian army took control of Siachen, more than 1000 soldiers have died guarding the glacier. The chances of a human body to develop blood clots is 100 times higher in Siachen than on sea level. India (Kashmir,Siachen Glacier) When 1984 Since 1984 the Indian and Pakistani armies have faced each other on the Siachen Glacier, in the disputed territory of Kashmir, at a height of up to 6,700 m (22,000 ft), in temperatures as low as -60°C (-76°F). The step has been taken to boost tourism in Ladakh […] Siachen Glacier, 71km long and one of the world’s largest glaciers, is situated in the north of the disputed region of Kashmir. At these dizzying heights, breathing can also be a huge effort and many soldiers suffer from high-altitude pulmonary and cerebral edema, headaches and hypertension. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 feet (ft) in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft). It is only until this point that outsiders — celebrities and political leaders — can visit. 15 Crazy Facts About The Siachen Glacier That Will Make You Love Our Soldiers Even More. The Indus is used for drinking and irrigation. Currently, India has the dominating position on the Saltoro ridge, under its control. You will be surprised to know that this number is almost twice the men who lost their lives in the Kargil war.  The 1972 Simla Agreement made no change to the 1949 Line of Control in this northernmost sector. , The glacier was uninhabited before 1984, and the presence of thousands of troops since then has introduced pollution and melting on the glacier. India also installed the world's highest telephone booth on the glacier. The Shyok in turn joins the 3000 kilometre-long Indus River which flows through Pakistan.  It falls from an altitude of 5,753 m (18,875 ft) above sea level at its head at Indira Col on the China border down to 3,620 m (11,875 ft) at its terminus. This is the highest motor-able road which is kept up by Border Roads Organization and it is deliberately a critical street to convey supplies to the Siachen Glacier.  In an eleven-year period, the glacier had receded nearly 800 meters, and in seventeen years about 1700 meters.  In December 2015, Indian Union Minister of State for Defence Rao Inderjit Singh said in a written reply in the Lok Sabha that a total of 869 Army personnel have lost their lives on the Siachen glacier due to climatic conditions and environmental and other factors till date since the Army launched Operation Meghdoot in 1984. The biggest challenge in cleaning up Siachen has been the height of the glacier, which ranges between 18,000 and 21,000 feet. The 75-km long Siachen Glacier … So, everything has to be brought down,” the officer said, adding that baling presses — machines that crush garbage into a compact unit — are used to clear the garbage. At a height of up to 8,000 meters, Siachen is regarded as the world's highest battlefield due to military conflict between India and Pakistan which was started in 1984. While there are … At 76km long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas.  However, more soldiers have died from the harsh weather conditions in the region than from combat. After that present Prime Minister Narendra Modi also visited this place. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 ft in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends. The harsh weather condition cannot be survived for more than that. For the military conflict over this area, see, Location of the Siachen Glacier within the greater, From map: "THE DELINEATION OF INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES ON THIS MAP MUST NOT BE CONSIDERED AUTHORITATIVE", From map: "THE DELINEATION OF INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES MUST NOT BE CONSIDERED AUTHORITATIVE", Siachen Glacier is 76 km (47 mi) long; Tajikistan's, as is done when determining river lengths, second-longest in the world's non-polar areas, Defence Research and Development Organisation, International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation, International Union for Conservation of Nature, "The Himalayas War at the Top of the World", "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Opinions", "Siachen dispute: India and Pakistan's glacial fight", "India gained control over Siachen in 1984", "In landmark move, PM Imran unveils 'new political map' of Pakistan", "Life & death in world's highest combat zone", "Siachen deaths harden resolve to hold glacier: Army chief", "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Opinions", "Siachen height provides military depth India can't afford to lose | India News", "Story of Saltoro – From Ababeel to Meghdoot", "Avalanche buries Pakistan base; 117 soldiers feared dead", "Bleeding in Siachen: Pakistan losing 30 soldiers a year on highest battlefield", "Rescue operations at Gayari Sector after Pakistan avalanche, Photo Gallery", "33 Indian soldiers killed in Siachen since 2012: govt", "In Siachen, 869 Army men died battling the elements", "Kashmir's Siachen glacier a frigid outpost in India-Pakistan conflict", "Demilitarization of the Siachen Conflict Zone: Concepts for Implementation and Monitoring", "India must continue to hold on to Siachen: Bikram Singh, Army Chief General", "Army should stay put in Siachen, says General Bikram Singh", "846 Indian soldiers have died in Siachen since 1984", "Won't vacate Siachen, we can't trust Pakistan, says Manohar Parrikar | India News", "Here's how ISRO's space technology can save lives of soldiers at Siachen", "Siachen: While the battle continues to rage, no settlement is in sight", "Siachen glacier: Indian troops repulse major Pakistani offensive", "Army opposes Pakistan's demand for troop withdrawal from Siachen Glacier – Indian Express", "UN Map showing CFL as per Karachi Agreement – UN document number S/1430/Add.2", "Why India cannot afford to give up Siachen", "Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry for Glacier Movement Studies", "Exchange Siachen confrontation for peace", "Military activity leads to melting of Siachen glaciers", "Environmental peacemaking: Ending conflict between India and Pakistan on the Siachen Glacier through the creation of a transboundary peace park", "Siachen tragedy – day 5: Bad weather dogs avalanche search efforts", "16 Things You Should Know About India's Soldiers Defending Siachen", "Pakistan wants resolution of Siachen issue: Kayani", India hits back at Pak over Siachen issue, "Out of the box ideas for glacier: Siachen could become bio reserve or peace park", "Sites deferred by the Committee which may merit re-nomination", "US expert at Sandia wants Siachen converted into Science Centre", TIME Asia's cover story on Siachen Glacier (July 11, 2005), Video about the Conflict in the Siachen area and its consequences, Outside magazine article about Siachen battleground, Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Kargil, Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research, Eliezer Joldan Memorial College Leh, Ladakh, Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siachen_Glacier&oldid=991612509, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2012, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 23:36. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 ft in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. The Siachen Glacier lies immediately south of the great drainage divide that separates the Eurasian Plate from the Indian subcontinent in the extensively glaciated portion of the Karakoram sometimes called the "Third Pole". Read more on Latest Articles News on India.com. It is also the world’s second most extended glacial range in the non-polar regions of the globe. The diagram for Siachen Glacier shows the days per month, during which the wind reaches a certain speed. , Aside from the Indian and Pakistani military presence, the glacier region is unpopulated. The Pakistani posts are located 3,000 feet below that place. Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited.  According to TIME magazine, India gained over 1,000 square miles (3,000 km2) in territory because of its 1980s military operations in Siachen. The average annual snowfall is 35 feet, with temperatures ranging from minus 25 to 50 degrees Celsius. The first group included cadets from Chail Military School, National Defence Academy, National Cadet Corps, Indian Military Academy, Rashtriya Indian Military College and family members of armed forces officers.  About 1000 kilograms of waste is produced and dumped in glacial crevasses daily by the Indian forces. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh became the first Indian Prime Minister to visit the area, during which he called for a peaceful resolution of the problem. India spends around 5 to 7 crores daily on guarding the glacier.  Pakistan lost 353 soldiers in various operations recorded between 2003 and 2010 near Siachen, including 140 Pakistani personnel killed in 2012 Gayari Sector avalanche. The idea of declaring the Siachen region a "Peace Park" was presented by environmentalists and peace activists in part to preserve the ecosystem of the region badly affected by the military presence. The glacier's melting waters are the main source of the Nubra River in the Indian region of Ladakh, which drains into the Shyok River. Photo: defencelover.in 9. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). According to Stobzan, the chief porter, the Siachen glacier can generate income rather than consuming money if it is declared a peace park and opened for expedition for just around 600 people annually to scale peaks in the Siala Complex and the Sonam Complex such as FLB and Perang Lungpa which have never been scaled. 1. The 76 km long Siachen glacier lies between the massive peaks of the Saltoro Range to its west and Karakoram Range to its east.  Pakistan controls the glacial valleys immediately west of the Saltoro Ridge. The Siachen conflict, sometimes referred to as the Siachen War, was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir.A cease-fire went into effect in 2003. The glacier is claimed by both India and Pakistan, with a large deployment by both sides. The naming of the glacier itself, or at least its currency, is attributed to Tom Longstaff. Baltoro Glacier. Both countries maintain permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft). However, after the Pakistani incursions during the Kargil War in 1999, India abandoned plans to withdraw from Siachen without official recognition of the current line of control by Pakistan, wary of further Pakistani incursions if they vacate the Siachen Glacier posts without such recognition. The Siachen Glacier, ... India over the strategic value of the Siachen and whether India needs to continue its deployment of soldiers at its icy heights. Tourism will be allowed from Siachen base camp to Kumar Post that lies above 15,000 feet. The Siachen glacier also boasts of the world's highest helipad built by India at Point Sonam, 21,000 feet (6,400 m) above the sea level, to supply its troops. , The waste produced by the troops stationed there is dumped in the crevasses of the glacier. https://bcvasundhra.blogspot.com/2014/11/fighting-at-siachan-heights.html The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E / 35.421226°N 77.109540°E / 35.421226; 77.109540, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends.  In 2001 India laid oil pipelines (about 250 kilometres long) inside the glacier to supply kerosene and aviation fuel to the outposts from base camps. Siachen glacier located near Indo-Pak Line of Control is known to be the highest battlefield in the world.  The region was nominated for inclusion in the United Nations' World Heritage List as a part of the Karakoram range, but was deferred by the World Heritage Committee. Myra MacDonald (2008) Heights of Madness: One Woman's Journey in Pursuit of a Secret War, Rupa, New Delhi ISBN 8129112922. Khardung La Pass is at the height of 18,380 ft, which lies to the north of Leh and it also provides a gateway to the Shyok and Nubra Valleys. “Nothing degrades at sub-zero temperatures. Lying at geographical coordinates 35.46 o N, 77.04 o E, and at an altitude more than 5000 m above sea level, the entire glacier is home to numerous significant passes guarded by the Indian Army. The average winter snowfall is more than 1000 cm (35 ft) and temperatures can dip to −50 °C (−58 °F). It is predicted that the glaciers of the Siachen region will be reduced to about one-fifth of their 2011 size by 2035.